Globalization and our Culture
বিশ্বায়ন ও আমাদের সংস্কৃতি
Globalization and our Culture:
In the present era of science and technology, globalization has become a buzzword. With the development of hi-tech communication networks, people across the globe have come under the same umbrella. They are linked with each other through a 24-hour communication network. This process has expanded trade and commerce all over the world by creating a borderless market.
The world has come closer. Nowadays, we can easily know what is happening in the farthest comer of the world. We can travel any. country within the shortest possible time. The countries of the world are now like the families in a village. We can share our joys and sorrows with anyone like a next-door neighbour. If someone is in distress, others can come to his assistance.
Through such interaction, the cultures of different countries are getting mingled. As a result, globalization is posing looming threat to our culture. Though the culture of Bangladesh is a rich one, some changes at different spheres of our life raise a big question to our conscience about whether we will be able to save our cultural identity or not.
Culture is a complex concept. There lies a profound relationship between culture and human life. “Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society”. (Edward Tylor)
According to Maciver and Page, “Culture is the expression of our nature in our modes of living and of thinking, in our everyday intercourse, in art, in literature, in religion, in recreation and enjoyment.”
In a word, culture is the reflection of life, which gives vent to the distinct identity of a particular nation or society.
Effects of globalization on culture :
If different nations come into constant contact, their cultures are mutually interchanged. One of the salient features of globalization is the union of rituals beliefs, economy, technology. philosophies, customs, traditions of one culture with those of another. To the opinion of Jan Nederveen, globalisation is likely to create a hybrid culture through an intermingling of international cultures and local cultures.
This hybrid culture is named as Third Culture’. This ‘third culture’ is always in clash with the local cultures across the globe. Jayaweera opines that the intensification of worldwide social relations created by globalization tends to compress the whole world into a single economy, government system and culture. Unfortunately, this kind of tide of artificial culture is adversely affecting developing nations like ours. As the developing nations cannot expose their culture before the world because of their technological constraints, their cultures are lost into oblivion, and cultures of the richer countries take root in that place.
Globalization and Bangladeshi culture :
Bangladesh is a developing country. So, it is not an exception. Our young generation possesses suicidal tendency to despise our own culture and blindly imitate western culture. Such craving is creating a void in our cultural Heritage and consequently, our long preserved social values are now on the verge of extinction. Besides, a materialistic and epicurean attitude of our young generation towards life is leading them to the abyss of moral depravity and as a result, they are getting devoid of a sense of humanity, compassion and fellow-feeling. The all-consuming tide of globalisation has swamped every sphere of our life. It has axed the tradition of our glorious culture.
(a) Influence on social structure and institutions:
The process of globalisation has brought about radical changes in our social values and institutions. Social values such as respect for elders, social control are on the wane. Our young people want more freedom and thus they go to the dogs.
(b) Changes in family system:
In the age of globalisation, family system has undergone significant changes. People no longer like extended families. Nuclear families are becoming increasingly popular among us. Family ties and kinship are breaking up. Parents are busy earning money while their children are taken care of by the servants. In the same way, sons or daughters are busy with fortune seeking leaving their elderly parents alone in the outlying villages. A perverted sense of marriageless sexuality of western culture has distorted our age-old family tradition.
(c) Changes in the form of entertainment:
There have been significant changes in the forms of entertainment over the last few decades. The different forms have been westernized. In the past, radio was an important form of entertainment. But now-a-days, radio is replaced by television and numerous satellite channels. Palligiti, Vatiali, Jari, Sari are not popular among us at all. Our young people are attracted by Pop and Band music. Even our own songs are sung with western musical instruments.
(d) Changes or influence over clothing:
We have our own culture of clothing but the uncontrolled spread and practice of foreign culture have tremendously changed our culture of clothing. Sarees, lungis, pyjamas, panjabis are no longer popular among the young people of our country. Jeans, T-shirts, skirts and other fashionable dresses attract them to a great extent. Sometimes, they indulge in unhealthy practice of clothing in the name of fashion. Such impudence and indecency are totally alien to our Bengali culture. In the long run, they suffer and lead an alienated life, far from our rich culture.
(e) Influence over celebrations:
That we are greatly influenced by western culture can be seen in our celebrations of thirty first night and Valentines day etc. Our traditional festivals such as Pahella Boishak, Pahella Falgun etc. do not strike the right chord of the youth. They are engulfed and submerged into the turbidity of foreign cultures.
Now we are living in a global village. If we want to keep pace with the progress of the globalised world, we must not get out of the village. But we must be careful enough to preserve our own identity.
(a) We must be aware of the negative effects of foreign cultures.
(b) We should make our youth realize that blind imitation of foreign cultures is not the determinant of aristocracy and modern lifestyle.
(c) We should encourage non-govt. patronization for the preservation of our culture.
(d) We must take extensive programmes with a view to diffusing our culture all over the world.
(e) We should not indulge in unwholesome entertainment.
(f) We must make all-out efforts in order to stop the practice of unhealthy foreign culture.
(g) We must encourage the nourishment of our culture and our traditional customs and rituals can be made up-to-date, so that others get enchanted with ours.
(h) Our young generation should ignite patriotic feelings in themselves and should consider about whether they should be a parrot or not.
It is true that globalisation is a by-product of capitalism. In the name of help and co-operation, industrially developed countries are exploiting the developing ones. We can in no way stop the lash of imperialism and cultural aggression of the capitalist countries. To remain conscious about the preservation of our own existence is our only safeguard against foreign cultural assault.
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- International Mother Language Day আন্তর্জাতিক মাতৃভাষা দিবস ( 17th BCS]
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