Parts of Speech

Language is a powerful tool, and to wield it effectively, it’s important to understand its components. Today, we are going to explore the basic building blocks of the English language, known as the “parts of speech”. There are eight main parts of speech: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections.

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech



By the end of this lesson, students should be able to identify the eight parts of speech in a sentence and understand their functions.


1. Nouns:

Nouns are words that represent a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples include ‘dog’, ‘city’, ‘happiness’, and ‘Albert Einstein’.

There are several types of nouns:

Proper Nouns:

These are the names of specific people, places, or things. They always start with a capital letter. For example, “London”, “Shakespeare”, and “Apple Inc.”

Common Nouns:

These are the names of general items, not specific ones, such as “city”, “play”, or “company”.

2. Pronouns:

Pronouns take the place of a noun in a sentence. They help to make our speech and writing less repetitive. Examples include ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’, ‘we’, ‘who’, ‘whom’, ‘mine’, ‘hers’, ‘its’, ‘theirs’, and ‘ours’.

3. Verbs:

Verbs express action or state of being. They are essential to making statements and asking questions. Examples include ‘run’, ‘is’, ‘seem’, ‘jump’, and ‘write’.

4. Adjectives:

Adjectives modify or describe nouns. They give more information about a noun’s size, color, age, emotion, etc. Examples include ‘happy’, ‘blue’, ‘young’, and ‘funny’.

5. Adverbs:

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They tell us how, when, where, and to what extent something was done. Examples include ‘quickly’, ‘never’, ‘well’, ‘here’, and ‘very’.


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6. Prepositions:

Prepositions are words that show a relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and some other word in the sentence. They can indicate time, place, or relationship. Examples include ‘in’, ‘on’, ‘at’, ‘from’, ‘with’, and ‘about’.

7. Conjunctions:

Conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses. Examples include ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘or’, ‘so’, ‘because’, and ‘although’.

8. Interjections:

Interjections are words used to express strong emotion or surprise. They are not usually associated with the other parts of the sentence. Examples include ‘oh’, ‘wow’, ‘ouch’, and ‘hurray’.

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Let’s put our knowledge into practice! Please identify the parts of speech in the following sentences:

“Maria quickly ran to the blue car.”
“Oh, I didn’t realize you were here!”
“Although it was raining, they decided to go to the park.”


Understanding the parts of speech is foundational in learning the structure of sentences, which is critical in becoming proficient in English. As we continue to explore the intricacies of English, we’ll delve deeper into each part of speech and learn how they interact to create meaningful expressions.


For homework, please write 5 sentences, each containing at least one example of the eight parts of speech. We will review these in our next lesson.

Remember, the more you practice identifying and using the different parts of speech, the more comfortable you will become with them. Don’t be afraid to ask questions or seek clarification if you’re unsure about something.

Next Lesson Preview:

In our next lesson, we will further explore nouns, focusing on singular, plural, and possessive forms. We will also examine the concept of noun genders and countable and uncountable nouns.

This is the end of today’s lesson. Happy learning!


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