National Heritage in Bangladesh and How to Preserve It
[ বাংলাদেশের জাতীয় ঐতিহ্য এবং এর রক্ষণাবেক্ষণ ]
National Heritage in Bangladesh and How to Preserve It
National heritages are the glory of Bangladesh. It has enhanced our national beauty as well as our national image to the world. And, there have many national heritages in Bangladesh; it has been recognised as world heritage by UNESCO in 1972. So, it is high time, we got the chance of upholding our national heritage to the world through media coverage as well as the government’s earnest effort. As it is part of our glory and splendour, we have to be conscious enough to preserve our heritage from destruction or any other harmful activities.
National Heritage Foundation in Bangladesh:
National Heritage in Bangladesh is a civil society group Bangladesh led by Rizwan Bin Farouq, convenor of the foundation, it was formed in 2007. the target of the group is to promote and preserve Bangladeshi culture and heritage the foundation identified a number of sites across the country that require special attention for preservation and protection.
It also wanted to add 10 more Bangladeshi sites to the World Heritage sites declared by UNESCO, of which Bangladesh has three the Sundarbans, Soampur Mohavihar at paharpur and the Sixty Pillar Mosque at Bagherhat. The sites identified by the foundation include Kantajew Temple, Mahasthanghar, Ahsan Manjil, Sitakunda and Madhabkunda waterfall among others.
Bangladesh is an overpopulated country and many men visit these heritages every day from many parts of our country. So, it can be a good way of earning huge money from the government. Side by side, we should follow to beautify our tourist zone to attract the view of foreigners. This way, we can earn enough remittance to dynamize our economic condition. National heritages will be more vivid through their geographical description. Such as:
Sundarban is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The name Sundarban can be literally translated as ‘beautiful jungle’ or beautiful forest in the Bengali language (Sundar, beautiful and ban, the forest or the jungle). The name may have derived from Sundari trees that are found in Sundarbans in large numbers.
The forest lies in the vast delta on the Bay of Bengal named by the super confluence of the Gangas, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers across southern Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. It is the largest mangrove forest in the world. The Sundarbans is not only the 52nd World Heritage Site in the world but has also gained special attention as a mangrove forest.
It is a matter of great regret that mangrove forests are disappearing. The Sundarbans is also an attractive tourist spot. Many people, particularly foreigners, like to see its natural beauty. For them, it’s a beautiful place to go too far from crowded towns and cities. Visitors not only find a natural and peaceful atmosphere there but you may be lucky enough to see the famous Royal Bengal Tiger or the spotted deer or even the estuarine crocodile. But Sundarbans is managing to survive in the natural state in spite of people’s greed and selfishness.
It’s still renowned for its great variety of wildlife. But many people intrude Sundarban to cut the trees indiscriminately and hunt wild animals to collect its skin, teeth and so on. So, the Sundarban is now the face of extinction. The number of tigers has decreased on a large scale. It is a common incident that a tiger comes to the local area to search for food and it is also killed by local people. Our Prime Minister has recently told. “If we don’t save tigers, we will not save our Sundarban”. And the govt. passed the ordinance to save wild animals as well as strict action has been constructed with punishment.
The Shatgombuj Mosque:
The Shatgompuj Mosque is a 15th-century Islamic edifice situated in the suburbs of Bagerhat. And, it is an extraordinary testimony of Moghul architecture. It is on the Sundarbans, some 175 southwest of Dhaka. It is an enormous Moghul architecture site covering a large area.
The Mosque is unique in that it has sixty pillars, which support seventy-seven exquisitely curved domes that have worn away with the passage of time. The mausoleum of the city’s founder, Khan Jahan Ali can be found nearby. With the declaration of the mosque as a World Heritage site. It is hoped that this beautiful architectural monument will be preserved from further decay.
The Buddhist Vihar at Paharpur:
The Buddist Vihar at Paharpur, 200 Kilometers northwest of Dhaka, was founded in the 7th century. It is the largest single Buddhist monastery in the Indian subcontinent and is also known as the Smaopur Mohavira the Great Monastery. It was a renowned intellectual centre from the 7th century until the 17th century. Its layout is perfectly adapted to its religious function.
This monastery city represents a unique artistic achievement that has influenced Buddhist architecture as far away as Cambodia. It was declared a World Heritage site in 1985 at the 9th session of the 21-member international committee. The govt. has taken many steps to preserve its preservation area from destruction.
And there have some minor but emerging tourist areas which are needed to preserve immediately.
Shitakunda is an administrative centre and the sole municipality of Shitakunda Upazila. Shitakunda is famous for the Chandranath temple and Buddhist temple. There is a hot water spring at a distance of 5 Km to the north of Shitakunda (Chittagong district). To reduce the population pressure on Chittagong, Shitakunda has been developed as a satellite town of the city, as well as a zone selected for industrial development along with Bhatiari.
Madhabkunda: Madhabkunda is the largest waterfall in Bangladesh situated in Barleka thana in Moulovi Bazar District, Sylhet Division. The waterfall is one of the most attractive tourist spots in Bangladesh. Lots of tourists and picnic parties come to Madhabkunda every day for their enjoyment. Fall of million tons of water from 200 ft. height. Big bolder stones and the sound of the waterfall is giving the shape of care in Madhabkunda. As thousands of people visit this site every day. The govt. has to take immediate measures against any kind of destruction.
Kantajew Temple is a late medieval Hindu Temple in Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Built by Maharaja Pramnath, its construction started in 1702 C.E and ended in 1752 C. E. during the reign of his son Maharaja Ramanath. It boasts one of the greatest examples of Terracotta architecture in Bangladesh and once had nine spires, but all were destroyed in an earthquake that took place in 1897.
As the temple was built in a nava-ratna style before the destruction caused by the earthquake of 1877. The 52 feet square temple is centred in an oblong court, 240 x 120 ft (73×37) m, covered by a shed with the roof of corrugated tin.
Mahasthanghar is the earliest urban archaeological site so far discovered in Bangladesh. The village mahastan in Shibgunj thana of Bogra district contains of the remains of an ancient city which was called Pundranaghar or Pundravar ohanapura in the territory Pundravardhana.
Together with the ancient and medieval ruins the Mazhar (holy tomb) of Shah Sultan Balkhi Mahiswar built at site of Hindu Temple is located at Mahastanaghar. He was a dervish (holy person devoted to Islam) of royal lineage who come to the Mahastanaghar area with the objective of spreading Islam among nun-Muslims. He converted the people of the area to Islam and settle there. As, it is an indictment archaic sculpture, we should maintain our national duty to preserve it from further perishment.
Ahsan Manjil was the official residential place and seat of the Dhaka Nwab family. It is situated on the banks of the Buriganga river in Bangladesh. The palace because the Bangladesh National Museum on 20 September 1992. It is constructed in the Indo-saracenic Revival architecture. The palace has enjoyed a varied history, starting from being Rang Mahal. The construction of the palace was begun in 1859 and completed in 1872. Abdul Ghani named it Ahsan Manjil after his son Nwab Khwaja Ahsanullah.
The newly built palace first came to be known as Rang Mahal. On April 7, 1888 a tornardo caused severe damage to Ahsan Manjil. Andar Mahal, the oldest part of the palace was completely devastated. During the construction of Andar Mahal a good part of the palace was overhauled and repaired, and the exquisite dome of the present Rang Mahal was added to glorify its beauty. Ahsan Manjil was again damaged by an earthquake in 12 June 1897 and again repaired by Nawab Ahsanullah.
As national heritage is the glory of any nation. It is the duty of the nation to preserve it. It broadens the knowledge of tourists; on the other side, the national economy can play a dynamic role throughout its preservation. And national heritage foundation of Bangladesh is formed to preserve it from any kind of destruction. The target of the group is to promote and preserve Bangladeshi culture and heritage. And, our govt. has shown earnest endeavour to develop our national heritage and they have undertaken many steps to preserve it.
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