Degrees of Comparison | English Grammar

Degrees of Comparison In this video “English Grammar” is discussed about Degrees of Comparison (Degrees of Comparison) or Comparison of Adjectives (Comparison of Adjectives) or Degree in English Grammar (Degree in English Grammar).

 

Degrees of Comparison

In the English language, a degree of comparison is a form of adjective that is used to compare a person or thing possessing the same quality with another. It is related to the adjective or adverb in a sentence. The Collins Dictionary defines the ‘degree of comparison’ as “the listing of the positive, comparative, and superlative forms of an adjective or adverb.” In other words, it can be said that one can use the degree of comparison to make a comparison between nouns having comparable quality or qualities.

English Grammar 1 Degrees of Comparison | English Grammar

The Three Degrees of Comparison in English Grammar

As you have already seen, the degrees of comparison are used to make comparisons. In English grammar, there are three degrees of comparison and they are,

  • Positive Degree of Comparison
  • Comparative Degree of Comparison
  • Superlative Degree of Comparison

Let us now look at each of the above-mentioned degrees of comparison in detail.

Positive Degree of Comparison

The positive degree of comparison is basically the original form of the adjective. This degree does not allow you to make any comparison. It only gives the audience the information about a particular quality possessed by a noun.

For example:

  • Lisa is happy.
  • This dress is pretty.
  • He looks handsome.
  • Meena is tired.
  • The sun is bright.
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Comparative Degree of Comparison

The comparative degree of comparison is used to compare between two nouns that have the same quality or the particular quality of a noun at two different times. It shows which one of the two has the greater or lesser degree of the particular quality being referred to.

For example:

  • Tina looks sadder than Katie.
  • This bed is more comfortable than the other bed.
  • The sun is brighter than yesterday.
  • Your hair is longer than hers.
  • My brother is taller than me.

Superlative Degree of Comparison

The superlative degree of comparison is the highest degree of comparison. It is used to compare the similar qualities shared by more than two nouns. It shows which of these nouns being compared has the greatest or least degree of the mentioned quality or qualities.

For example:

  • We climbed the highest mountain.
  • The last group was the best of all.
  • The Himalayas are the longest mountain ranges.
  • Sanjana is the tallest girl in our gang.
  • Adharsh is the most silent boy in class.

 

degrees of comparison

How Do You Use Degrees of Comparison? – Rules and Points to Remember

Like every other grammatical component in English, there are some rules and points you will have to remember when using the degrees of comparison. Take a look at the following.

  • The first thing that you should remember about degrees of comparison is that they are used to compare adjectives and adverbs.
  • The positive degree of comparison is the base form of the adjective or adverb and does not allow any comparison.
  • The comparative degree of comparison is used to compare two nouns that possess or do not possess the same qualities. It is mostly indicated by the addition of ‘-er’ to the end of the adjective.
  • The comparative degree of comparison is always indicated by the addition of ‘than’ after the comparative form of the adjective.
  • The superlative degree of comparison is used to show which of the nouns possess the greatest or least of the quality or qualities. It is indicated by the use of the article ‘the’ before the adjective and the addition of ‘-est’ to the end of the adjective.
  • Make sure you retain the adjuncts that are there in the sentence when you are using the comparative or superlative degree of comparison.

 

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